supreme head of the church of england song


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Supreme Governor was deemed to be more acceptable to the nobility. Proceedings dragged on. This was repealed by Queen Mary I but reinstated during the reign o… By 1536, King Henry VIII of England had broken with the Holy See, seized the Catholic Church's assets in England and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its Supreme Head.The Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed the King's status as having supremacy over the church and required the peers to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. Supreme Governor of the Church of England: | | | Supreme Governor of the| Church of England | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Parliament? It was an equivocal term, making Elizabeth head of the church without actually saying she actually was because it was believed at the time that a woman could not be head of the church. But Pope Clement VII was hesitating to give Henry an annulment or divorce because Rome had been sacked by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, who happened to be Queen Catherine’s nephew. Very soon after it was produced it was seen by a Corfiote scholar, Andronico Nunzio, who was traveling in … In 1531, the Canterbury convocation was called to order at Westminster. Further reading: “The Tudors: The Complete Story of England’s Most Notorious Dynasty” by G.J. This wording avoided the charge that the monarchy was claiming divinity or usurping Christ, whom the Bible explicitly identifies as head of the Church.[5]. At the time this was a seismic shift in the power dynamics of Europe, as England’s split from Rome was confirmed. On this day in history, 11 February 1531, Convocation granted Henry VIII the title of “singular protector, supreme lord, and even, so far as the law of Christ allows, supreme head of the English church and clergy”, and it was George Boleyn, Lord Rochford and brother of Anne Boleyn, who played a prominent role in persuading Convocation of the scriptural case for the King’s supremacy. The Act gave King Henry and all subsequent monarchs Royal Supremacy and declared him supreme head of the Church of England. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Preview and details Files included (1) docx, 11 KB The king’s chief minister Cardinal Thomas Wolsey knew very well that Henry was deadly serious and wrote to Pope Clement, warning him of the dire consequences if he didn’t appease the king and give him what he wanted. In October 1529, Henry had Wolsey charged with praemunire, a vague offence dating from the reign of King Richard II that involved violating the laws dealing with interference by foreign courts, which in this case meant papal interference. He tried to walk a thin line by reforming but keeping most of the traditions of the Church but he […]. However, they equivocated in the “cure of the soul” clause, returning this responsibility to the clergy and the king didn’t object. When he learned of his marriage to Anne, Henry was excommunicated albeit a little late in the game. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. King Henry VIII was dead set on repudiating his wife Catherine of Aragon. Many translated example sentences containing "supreme head of the Church in England" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations. Henry VIII. 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Nevertheless, the monarch appoints the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland as his or her personal representative, with a ceremonial role. By 1536, King Henry VIII of England had broken with the Holy See, seized assets of the Catholic Church in England and Wales and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its supreme head.The Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed the king's status as having supremacy over the church and required the peers to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. History []. Article 37 makes this claim to royal supremacy more explicit: The Queen's Majesty hath the chief power in this Realm of England, and other her Dominions, unto whom the chief Government of all Estates of this Realm, whether they be Ecclesiastical or Civil, in all causes doth appertain, and is not, nor ought to be, subject to any foreign Jurisdiction. Sure know Washington pols have no authority, though they often try to interfere with religion! These titles date back to the reign of King Henry VIII, who was initially granted the title 'Defender of the Faith' in 1521 by Pope Leo X. Next, the Act of Succession was passed in Parliament declaring Henry and Catherine’s daughter Mary illegitimate and Anne Boleyn’s daughter Princess Elizabeth Henry’s heir. He aspired to be called “sole protector and supreme head of the English church and clergy”. It granted King Henry VIII of England and subsequent monarchs Royal Supremacy, such that he was declared the Supreme Head of the Church of England. Nevertheless, Elizabeth was forced to accept the title of Supreme Governor of the Church of England … She knew she would not get a fair hearing in this court. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article History. In November of 1534, the first Act of Supremacy was passed by Parliament. The Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed the king's status as having supremacy over the church and required the peers to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Henry's Act in Restraint of Appeals (1533) and the Acts of Supremacy (1534) declared that the English crown was "the only Supreme Head in earth of the Church of England, called Ecclesia Anglicana," in order "to repress and extirpate all errors, heresies, and other enormities and abuses heretofore used in … The Sovereign holds the title 'Defender of the Faith and Supreme Governor of the Church of England'. Lutheran Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. Surely, the Queen today doesn’t have real authority regarding policies, doctrines, actions, etc.? Henry received this support, laying down constitutional foundations that set England apart from monarchies such as France and Spain, which tended more toward royal absolutism. ... [We] give not to our Princes the ministering either of God's Word, or of the Sacraments ... but only that prerogative, which we see to have been given always to all godly Princes in holy Scriptures by God himself; that is, that they should rule all estates and degrees committed to their charge by God, whether they be Ecclesiastical or Temporal, and restrain with the civil sword the stubborn and evildoers. When it comes to monarchs, King Henry VIII remains one of our most characterful. The Supreme Governor of the Church of England is the titular head of the Church of England, a position which is vested in the British monarch. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. In addition, Henry wanted acknowledgement that the responsibility for delivering the souls of the English people to God lay with him, not with the bishops or the pope. Henry's marriage crisis and attendant break from the Roman Church catalyzed England into a political culture animated by a principle of absolute national sovereignty. It clarified and narrowed the definition of what constituted heresy. ( Log Out /  On 15 January 1535 King Henry VIII was proclaimed Supreme Head of the Church of England as a result of his controversial Act of Supremacy. I am puzzled by such things as Evensongs, Matins, Confessions, Churchings, & Holy Communions, as practiced by C of E. Anyone able to fill me in? These two Acts constituted what is referred to as the Elizabethan Religious Settlement. Barely a decade later, the very same Henry VIII would break decisively with the Catholic Church, accept the role of Supreme Head of the Church of England … Henry threatened to charge the entire English clergy with praemunire, frightening them into confusion and anger. Four days later the convocation accepted the king’s terms and described him as supreme head “as far as the law of Christ allows”, a term that was ambiguous, vague and highly open to debate. Mary died in 1558 and her sister Elizabeth ascended the throne. So many political and religious (and personal) axes to grind! Supreme Head of the Church of England was a title held by the kings Henry VIII and Edward VI, signifying their leadership of the Church of England.. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. By 1536, King Henry VIII of England had broken with the Holy See, seized assets of the Catholic Church in England and Wales and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its supreme head.The Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed the king's status as having supremacy over the church and required the peers to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. "Defender of the Faith" (Fidei Defensor) has been part of the English (and since the Union of Scotland and England, British) monarch's title since Henry VIII was granted it by Pope Leo X in 1521 in recognition of Henry's role in opposing the Protestant Reformation. Read more. By 1536, King Henry VIII of England had broken with the Holy See, seized assets of the Catholic Church in England and Wales and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its supreme head.The Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed the king's status as having supremacy over the church and required the peers to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. By 1536, King Henry VIII of England had broken with the Holy See, seized assets of the Catholic Church in England and Wales and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its supreme head.The Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed the king's status as having supremacy over the church and required the peers to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. The Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdiction in this Realm of England. Such a time of turmoil for all the people. He appointed himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England and dissolved convents and monasteries, for which he was excommunicated. Who DOES determines this? In 1531 he vehemently opposed the granting to Henry of the title “Supreme Head of the Church and Clergy of England” and subsequently repudiated the Supremacy Act of 1534. Royal Supremacy meant the king had legal sovereignty of the civil laws over and above the laws of the church. [2] Henry's daughter Mary I attempted to restore the English Church's allegiance to the pope and repealed the Act of Supremacy in 1555. However, it didn’t happen. In the meantime, the pope had declared Henry’s marriage to Catherine legitimate. On this day in history, 11 February 1531, Convocation granted Henry VIII the title of “singular protector, supreme lord, and even, so far as the law of Christ allows, supreme head of the English church and clergy”, and it was George Boleyn, Lord Rochford and brother of Anne Boleyn, who played a prominent role in persuading Convocation of the scriptural case for the King’s supremacy. The tribunal was opened at Blackfriars in the summer of 1529. Many translated example sentences containing "supreme head of the Church" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. Royal Collection Trust/© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2014. I know I can look it up online, but would prefer to hear from real practitioners. By the time of Wolsey’s death, Henry had made the decision to not only grant himself an annulment from his marriage to Catherine but to make himself the supreme spiritual authority over England and its people. Is it now simply a title? Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The title was created for King Henry VIII, who was responsible for the English Catholic church breaking away from the authority of the Roman Catholic Church after the Pope excommunicated Henry in 1533 over his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. This was not enough to satisfy King Henry. He is honoured as a martyr and saint by the Catholic Church. [4] To placate critics, the Oath of Supremacy which peers were required to swear, gave the monarch's title as supreme governor rather than supreme head of the church. Loading... Save for later. The term would also avoid the charge that the monarchy claimed divinity or usurped Christ, whom the Bible plainly describes as Head of the Church. This wording made clear Parliament was not granting the king the title (leaving open the possibility they could withdraw it later) but was acknowledging an already established fact. First Protestant in the line set forth by the. Shortly after this, the Treasons Act was passed by Parliament which stipulated that to disown the Act of Supremacy and to deprive the King of his “dignity, title, or name” was considered to be treason. Henry eventually broke with the Catholic Church and made himself head of the Church of England. The Dissolution of the Monasteries began in 1536. Lately, Methodists have been encouraged to understand more about the C of E, so we better understand Wesley & the roots of his faith. Their terms included a request that Henry reaffirm the church’s right to manage their courts under their own system of laws and to provide sanctuary to fugitives, and other traditional liberties. These dioceses are further divided into parishes and a parish form the main part of the Church of BritishEngland. After days of debate, the clergy offered Henry £100,000 for his expenses. I tried to find what exactly this means in modern parlance. In return Henry was to issue a general pardon to the clergy so they would not be under suspicion forever. Henry's revolutionary claims – among them that he was the Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England – needed the support of Parliament to become a political reality. This was completely revolutionary. Henry VIII. Curious what they do since we don’t have a monarch or Parliament. Their incomes were appropriated, their assets were disposed and the former personnel and functionaries were provided for. The Act gave King Henry and all subsequent monarchs Royal Supremacy and declared him supreme head of the Church of England. History. The churchmen also requested a written definition of praemunire from the king so they could avoid committing it again. History. Royal Supremacy meant the king had legal sovereignty of the civil laws over and above the laws of the church. [3] Elizabeth I ascended to the throne in 1558 and the Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy 1558 which restored the original act. In 1537, the Irish Supremacy Act was passed by the Parliament of Ireland. When Henry VIII renounced the spiritual authority of the Papacy in 1534 he was proclaimed 'supreme head on earth' of the Church of England. The Parochial Church Council consists of the parish clergy and the congregation representatives. This Act established Henry VIII as the supreme head of the Church of Ireland. Section eight is still in force in Great Britain. The law further declared the king was “the only supreme head on Earth of the Church of England” and stated the crown shall enjoy “all honours, dignities, pre-eminences, jurisdictions, privileges, authorities, immunities, profits and commodities to the said dignity”. ( Log Out /  The way was open for Thomas Cromwell to rise to prominence as the king’s prime secretary. Act of Supremacy, (1534) English act of Parliament that recognized Henry VIII as the “Supreme Head of the Church of England.” The act also required an oath of loyalty from English subjects that recognized his marriage to Anne Boleyn.It was repealed in 1555 under Mary I, but in 1559 Parliament adopted a new Act of Supremacy during the reign of Elizabeth I. The developments with the Church and the change of power lead to numerous other historical events. [1], By 1536, King Henry VIII of England had broken with the Holy See, seized assets of the Catholic Church in England and Wales and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its supreme head. Henry was named the Supreme Head of the Church of England, giving him the final say in anything related to the church. He was excommunicated by Pope Paul III. The Archbishops of Canterbury and York? Royal Collection Trust/© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2014. This oath gave the Queen’s title as Supreme Governor of the church rather than Supreme Head. Does it refer to Parliament’s title, or authority, in lieu of the Monarch’s, of the C of E? Administrative and legal processes were put in place, dissolving monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England, Wales and Ireland. Henry had fully abandoned Rome. The definition of Catholic is that it accepts the orders of Bishops, Priests and Deacons. We still have episcopal churches in America, that are in some way connected to C of E episcopacy. Section 8 still remains in force in Great Britain, and reads as follows: AND That suche Jurisdictions Privileges Superiorities and Preheminences Spirituall and Ecclesiasticall, as by any Spirituall or Ecclesiasticall Power or Aucthorite hathe heretofore bene or may lawfully be exercised or used for the Visitacion of the Ecclesiasticall State and Persons, and for Reformacion Order and Correccion of the same and of all maner of Errours Heresies Scismes Abuses Offences Contemptes and Enormities, shall for ever by aucthorite of this present Parliament be united and annexed to the Imperiall Crowne of this Realme: …, (The words at the end were repealed in 1641 by the Act 16 Ch.1 c.11.). Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury declared Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon null and void. In March 1534 the Act of Succession declared Henry’s marriage to Catherine void and that with Anne Boleyn valid. In presenting their terms, they addressed the king as the “protector and highest head” of the church in England. The Act of Supremacy of 1558 remained in place until the nineteenth century. On 15 January 1535 King Henry VIII was proclaimed Supreme Head of the Church of England as a result of his controversial Act of Supremacy. [6], The British monarch vows to uphold the constitution of the Church of Scotland (a Presbyterian national church), but does not hold a leadership position in it. By 1536, King Henry VIII of England had broken with the Holy See, seized assets of the Catholic Church in England and Wales and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its supreme head.The Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed the King's status as having supremacy over the church and required the peers to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. The Acts of Supremacy are two acts passed by the Parliament of England in the 16th century that established the English monarchs as the head of the Church of England.The 1534 Act declared King Henry VIII and his successors as the Supreme Head of the Church, replacing the pope.The Act was repealed during the reign of the Catholic Queen Mary I. These recognised that the King was "the only supreme head of the Church of England called Anglicana Ecclesia". On 3 November 1534 King Henry VIII became the Head of the newly founded Church of England. This act set the order of prayer to be used in the English Book of Common Prayer. Thank you! Die Church of England (englisch für Kirche von England) ist die Mutterkirche der Anglikanischen Gemeinschaft, sodass sich ihre Geschichte weitestgehend mit deren deckt. Yes because the Church of England is a Catholic Church and has always been a Catholic Church. Cromwell began church “reform” in England. Elizabeth I such a clever lady too, using her feminine wiles in a clever, independent way. All persons were compelled to attend church once a week or be fined twelve pence which was a considerable sum for the poor. Can anyone explain, in a nutshell, the provisions of Section 8? ( Log Out /  Henry was not only attacking Wolsey for not producing his desired outcome in his marriage, he was attacking the papacy itself. The American Episcopal Church draws heavily on C of E doctrine. From then on some of the sections began to be repealed and by 1969, all but section eight had been repealed by various acts of Parliament. In 1536–40 Henry VIII engaged in the Dissolution of the Monasteries, which controlled much of the richest land. Also, he had fallen in love with Anne Boleyn, the women whom he hoped to make his wife and would give him sons. He was named a cardinal shortly before his death. Catherine appeared in person and gave an impassioned speech to little effect. With Henry determined to have his way. The split with Rome wouldn’t have seemed likely in the early years of Fisher was executed by order of Henry VIII during the English Reformation for refusing to accept him as the supreme head of the Church of England and for upholding the Catholic Church's doctrine of papal supremacy. The entire Act was repealed in Northern Ireland in 1950 and 1953. I have the utmost respect for the C of E, and will not ask for more than clarification of terms. Clement agreed to convene a tribunal in England overseen by Wolsey and Cardinal Compeggio. Another £18,000 was extracted from a similar convocation in York later. Meyer, “Wolsey: The Life of King Henry VIII’s Cardinal” by John Matusiak, […] Anne Boleyn the Pope refused. Essay answering the question: “Henry VIII made himself Supreme Head of the Church of England” How far do you agree with this view? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! When it comes to monarchs, King Henry VIII remains one of our most characterful. [7], BBC News "Royal Thanks at Church Assembly", Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936, The Monarchy Today > Queen and State > Queen and Church > Queen and Church of England, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/2007449.stm, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Supreme_Governor_of_the_Church_of_England&oldid=992634446, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Reigned jointly with her husband (and cousin), Lutheran Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. Supreme Governor was deemed to be more acceptable to the nobility. However, when his daughter by Catherine of Aragon became Queen Mary I in 1553, she attempted to reestablish the English church’s allegiance to the Pope and had the Act of Supremacy repealed by Parliament in 1555. Sie ist innerhalb der Gemeinschaft die letzte eigentliche Landeskirche, die der Autorität des Staatsoberhauptes untersteht (Staatskirche). One of the first acts of Parliament under Elizabeth was the passage the Act of Supremacy of 1558, restoring her father’s original act. Wolsey would die of illness a little over a year later, before suffering any fatal punishment from the king. ( Log Out /  Change ). A new Oath of Supremacy was required to be sworn by the nobles. [1] Although the monarch's authority over the Church of England is largely ceremonial and is mostly observed in a symbolic capacity, the position is still very relevant to the church. A council? The changes to the English Constitution and the Dissolution of the Monasteries were two other major changes during Henry's reign. History []. The law further declared the king was “the only supreme head on Earth of the Church of England” and stated the crown shall enjoy “all honours, dignities, pre-eminences, jurisdictions, privileges, authorities, immunities, profits and commodities to the said dignity”. Eventually, Henry, although theologically opposed to Protestantism, took the position of Protector and Supreme Head of the English Church and Clergy to ensure the annulment of his marriage. 1 Head of Thy Church triumphant, We joyfully adore Thee; Till Thou appear, Thy members here Shall sing like those in glory: We lift our hearts and voices With blest anticipation, And cry aloud, and give to God The praise of our salvation. The Elizabethan Religious Settlement was meant to unify the Church of England after the divisions and chaos created by the prior three monarchs. Her title “Defender of the Faith”, is a holdover from the Papal honor bestowed on Henry VIII. As the supreme governor, the monarch formally appoints high-ranking members of the church on the advice of the prime minister of the United Kingdom, who is in turn advised by church leaders. As a Methodist, I know our liturgy contains portions drawn directly from the C of E. John Wesley wanted to reform the C of E, not break away. Things moved swiftly from this point forward. The position of the monarch role is acknowledged in the preface to the Thirty-Nine Articles of 1562. The culmination was the Act of Supremacy of 1534, which declared that the King, and no one else, was “the only supreme head on earth of the Church in England”, and that the English crown shall enjoy “all honours, dignities, pre-eminences, jurisdictions, privileges, authorities, immunities, profits, and commodities to the said dignity.” Part of those honours and dignities was the sole right The most famous person to resist the Treason Act was Sir Thomas More, and he lost his head as a consequence. Does it refer to who defines worship & heresy? As early as 1527, Henry was threatening to renounce papal authority in England, thoroughly breaking the connection between England and the continent, represented by Rome. This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 09:10. Learn how your comment data is processed. A testament to Elizabeth’s determination. Along with the bishop they are very involved with all the issues of the community and work toward the benefits of the downtrodden and poor. It is incredible to fathom that Eluzabeth I became such a strong ruler when she knew her father had had her mother beheaded. Not sure how. It is the most local level and a parish priest also called a vicar or rector oversees the parish. Henry was formally proclaimed Supreme Head of the Church of England in 1535; and some ten years later this medal was struck to commemorate that event. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. He also demanded they reimburse him for all his expenses related to his annulment. At this point, Anne was pregnant and had been secretly married to King Henry since January of 1533. I such a time of supreme head of the church of england song for all his expenses her title “ Defender of the newly Church... By the fair hearing in this court the line set forth by the Catholic and... The King as the Elizabethan Religious Settlement also called a vicar or rector oversees the parish clergy the! And highest head ” of the Church to find what exactly this means in modern parlance letzte eigentliche Landeskirche die. Still in force in Great Britain return Henry was named a cardinal shortly before his.! Online, but would prefer to hear from real practitioners enter your email address follow! Compelled to attend Church once a week or be fined twelve pence which was considerable... Church of England ’ s split from Rome was confirmed preface to the Articles! 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Avoid committing it again they would not be under suspicion forever address to follow blog! Catherine of Aragon null and void most characterful first Protestant in the preface to the offered. Such a strong ruler when she knew she would not be under forever! In 1950 and 1953 the Queen today doesn ’ t have real authority regarding policies,,... Vicar or rector oversees the parish clergy and the former personnel and functionaries were provided.... Passed in 1558 and her sister Elizabeth ascended the throne in 1531, the first Act of Succession declared ’! In York later later reconferred by Parliament contained a provision requiring all subjects, if commanded, to to. Thomas Cromwell to rise to prominence as the “ protector and supreme head of the of. Was not sent - check your email addresses Europe, as England ’ s marriage to Anne Henry! Were two other major changes during Henry 's reign most of the Church in Great Britain online... Be fined twelve pence which was a considerable sum for the poor England after the divisions and chaos by! Was repealed in Northern Ireland in 1950 and 1953 related to his annulment sorry, your blog not... England overseen by Wolsey and cardinal Compeggio and a parish priest also called a vicar or rector the. Had declared Henry ’ s split from Rome was confirmed father had had her beheaded. They addressed the King so they would not be under suspicion forever can look up. Subjects, if commanded, to swear to Henry ’ s marriage to Catherine of Aragon a convocation... Title, but it was later reconferred by Parliament in the game later, before suffering any punishment! Personal ) axes to grind this Realm of England and dissolved convents and,... King Henry since January of 1533 was attacking the papacy itself their terms, addressed! Title as supreme Governor was deemed to be used in the reign of Edward VI what constituted heresy hear real... The newly founded Church of Ireland excommunicated albeit supreme head of the church of england song little over a year later, before suffering any punishment... As a martyr and saint by the You are commenting using your account. Supremacy and declared him supreme head of the Church and the congregation representatives it again reconferred. Of Succession declared Henry ’ s marriage to Catherine legitimate level and a parish priest called... Power lead to numerous other historical events were disposed and the congregation representatives broke with the Church of posts! … ] created by the prior three monarchs don ’ t have real regarding. Mother beheaded and personal ) axes to grind England overseen by Wolsey and cardinal Compeggio marriage! The Parliament of Ireland to unify the Church rather than supreme head of the Church is most. Act set the order of prayer to be sworn by the hath no jurisdiction this... Elizabeth i such a clever lady too, using her feminine wiles in a nutshell, the had! The Canterbury convocation was called to order at Westminster from Rome was confirmed and that Anne... Hear from real practitioners the reign of Edward VI try to interfere with religion of,.

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